Liquid mixtures that are colorless, volatile and flammable and obtained by distillation of crude oil under atmospheric conditions (30-170°C) are called as naphtha. It consists of paraffinic, naphthenic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Naphtha is commonly used as solvent and an intermediate product. Technically, gasoline and kerosene that we use in our cars are among naphtha type mixtures. This liquid petroleum product is between light gases and heavy liquefied gases and it is volatile, flammable and it has specific gravity value of 0.7. Some intermediate products obtained from different stages of refinery and used in different applications are called as NAPHTA in order not to make the things more complex.
When used as a raw material in the petrochemical steam cracker, naphtha is heated in the presence of hydrocarbon molecules and water vapor and in the absence of oxygen or air. Crushing process produces ethene, propylene, propene, ethylene and aromatic benzene and toluene primarily. This plastic is used as a raw material for derivative units that produce acrylonitrile and synthetic glycols.
Heavy naphtha can be used for petro chemistry, but it is more commonly used in catalytic reformers in refineries and turned into high octane reformate products.
AREAS OF USE OF NAPHTA:
* Gasoline production.
* Industrial solvents and cleansing products
* Production of shoe polish
* As light liquid material for some wick type lighters
* As an additive for gasoline
* As a fuel or white gas for portable heating stoves and torchesNaphtha prices?
What is naphtha?